The Center for Information and Technology of Judiciary is now ready to provide Iranian consulates and embassies with electronic services in order for all Iranian citizens abroad to be able to make use of such services without needing presence in the country, stated the chairman of the center in a session. He expressed that all electronic legal services would be implemented in the “MIKHAK” system of Iran Ministry of Foreign Affairs, so that any legal services inside the country would also be presentable abroad. The possibility of filing lawsuits and pursuing legal proceedings is another accessible service to Iranian citizens abroad, henceforward.
The First Deputy of the Judiciary recently noted that the establishment of commercial courts is a necessity in Iranian legal system. According to Article 482 of the Bill Amending Certain Parts of Iranian Commercial Code which was enacted last year, the Judiciary was obliged to establish sufficient number of branches of the commercial court within three years from the date of entry into force of this Code. Last year, the Judiciary drafted the instructions for the establishment of commercial courts, and a complex for dealing with commercial cases was established.
However, the Bill on Commercial Procedure Code is not enacted yet after couple of years and it seems that the Islamic Consultative Assembly is reluctant to pass a separate law called the Code of Commercial Procedure.
The Deputy Attorney General and Secretary of the Resistance Economy Headquarters are now required to take the required measures for establishment of commercial courts within the next 15 days. It is believed that there is no need for enactment of a new code and commercial courts can take the form of specialized courts which were predicted under Article 29 of the Act on the Continuous Improvement of the Business Environment. Therefore, the establishment of these courts throughout the country should be pursued immediately.
Iranian Vice president for legal and parliament affairs stated in an interview that since the beginning of December, Iranians across the world would be able to inquire about the authenticity of official translation of documents through designating domestic IPs to international ones via the SANAM system.
Affirming that as the final destination of all translated documents would be foreign countries, he expressed that printing QR codes on the specific translation letter heads would henceforward be possible via the SANAM system, which makes it viable for all devices to inspect translated documents around the world properly and without any limits. He named one fundamental challenge
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that beforehand, in some countries, after noticing the judiciary mark and the Iranian flag on the letterhead of the translated documents, it was assumed that the document was confirmed by the judiciary, while only documents that are signed and sealed by appraisers have such validity. Therefore, printing QR codes on such documents would make it feasible for foreign governments and organizations and also international assemblies to make respective inquiries promptly and accurately.
This recent action is mostly pivotal to organize translations and making surveillances more efficient and consolidated.
The European Court of Justice recently held that European corporations are allowed to terminate their contracts with Iranian parties only in case of improper economic losses. The court order followed a lawsuit against Deutsche Telekom brought by Melli Bank of Iran after unilateral exit of one of the subsidiary companies of the Deutsch party from a service contract with the Hamburg branch of Melli Bank. Following Melli Bank lawsuit against Deutsche Telekom, the ECJ, held that the German company argument that the cutoff was due to the secondary US sanctions is unjustified and European companies are only allowed to rely on secondary US sanctions for non-implementation of their contracts if it is clear that they will face serious economic consequences.